January 8, 2005
Q: What is chelation therapy? How does it work? and What is it good for? - Layperson
A: Chelating (pronounced key-layting) agents are substances which can chemically bond with or chelate (from the Greek chele claw) metals, minerals or chemical toxins from the body. The chelating agent actually encircles a mineral or metal ion and carries it from the body via the urine and feces. Many organic acids found in the body or in foods can act as chelating agents including acetic acid, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), citric acid and lactic acid. Natural chelation processes in the body are responsible for such things as the digestion assimilation and transport of food nutrients, the formation of enzymes and hormones and detoxification of toxic chemicals and metals.
Intravenous chelation therapy involves injecting the chelating agent EDTA into the bloodstream for the purpose of eliminating from the body undesirable substances such as heavy metals chemical toxins mineral deposits and fatty plaques (as in the arteries; the agent binds to the calcium in the plaques). EDTA (ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid) is an effective and widely studied chelating agent.
EDTA is a synthetic amino acid (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and is approximately one third as toxic to the body as aspirin. Chelation therapy with EDTA was first introduced into medicine in the United States in 1948 as a treatment for the lead poisoning of workers in a battery factory. Shortly thereafter the U.S. Navy advocated chelation for sailors who had absorbed lead while painting government ships and facilities. The FDA approved IV EDTA chelation as a treatment for lead poisoning.
Physicians administering the chelation for lead toxicity observed those patients who also had atherosclerosis (fatty-plaque buildup on arterial walls) or arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) experienced reductions in both conditions after chelation. Since 1952 IV EDTA chelation has been used to treat cardiovascular disease.
Over 1800 scientific journal articles have been published on the use of EDTA in intravenous (IV) chelation. In the past 30 years hundreds of thousands of patients have received this therapy as delivered by over 1000 physicians in approximately 3300000 IV infusions. EDTA's success rate in increasing blood circulation is 82% provided the patients received sufficient chelation.
How Chelation Aids Cardiovascular Health
Chelation reduces calcium plaques on arterial walls. These atherosclerotic plaques are not limited to arteries nearest the heart. On the contrary they are widespread and can affect blood flow (oxygen delivery) to every cell tissue gland organ and system being served by the over 75000 miles of blood vessels in your body. Chelation reaches every blood vessel in the body from the largest artery to the tiniest capillary and arteriole most of which are far too small or too deep within the brain or other organ to be safely reached in surgery.
Other scientifically documented benefits of intravenous EDTA chelation therapy for the cardiovascular system include:
-Stabilization of arterial intracellular membranes.
-Maintenance of the electrical charge of platelets in the blood reducing blood clumping (aggregation) and preventing blood clots.
-Marked improvement in nearly 100% of 2870 studied patients with peripheral vascular disease.
-Normalization of half of treated cardiac arrhythmias.
-Reductions of cerebrovascular occlusion.
-Improved cognitive function in people with memory and concentration deficits and improved visual acuity (when problems are caused by arterial blockage).
-Improved myocarditis due to lead poisoning.
-Reduction of blood fat levels and improved capillary blood flow.
-Increased peripheral blood flow to the extremities.
-Improved compliance of vascular tissues; decalcification of elastic tissues resulting in improved elasticity and resilience.
-Improved red blood cell membrane flexibility and permeability to potassium.
-Decreased blood pressure levels as a result of excretion of cadmium from renal tissues diminished peripheral resistance improved blood vessel resilience and pliability decreased vascular spasm and improved magnesium uptake.
In addition to the effectiveness of IV EDTA chelation therapy in treating cardiovascular disease and heavy metal toxicity research has documented its benefits for aneurysm, Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia, arthritis, autoimmune conditions, cancer, cataracts, diabetes, emphysema, gallbladder stones, hypertension, kidney stones, Lou Gehrig's disease, osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, scleroderma, stroke, varicose veins, venomous snake bite and other conditions involving an interruption in blood flow and diminished oxygen delivery.
The ten top killers of Americans (in the order of frequency) include heart disease cancer stroke accidents pneumonia diabetes cirrhosis arteriosclerosis suicides and infant death. All but accidents pneumonia suicides and infant death have an underlying connection to reduced blood circulation. More than 90 percent of Americans live in jeopardy of having a serious illness relating to the circulatory system.
A common misconception about chelation is that it lowers the levels of calcium in the bones and teeth as the body draws calcium from them to replace the calcium drawn from the blood by the chelation process. On the contrary, the calcium to restore blood levels is drawn from places in the body where calcium has built up unnaturally as in arterial plaques (which contribute to clogged arteries), calcified bursae (a source of bursitis), arthritic joints and kidney stones.
Further one of the co-founders of the American College of Advancement in Medicine (ACAM) and a pioneer in chelation therapy states "If calcium levels start to drop the parathyroid glands kick in and start secreting parathormone which 'steals' back enough calcium from the EDTA (and other) chelates to keep the heart beating normally (serum calcium must stay at a constant level for normal heart function) and to activate cells called osteoblasts which strengthen and rebuild bone. The more chelation we give people the less osteoporosis they have and the less age-related calcium accumulation [arterial wall plaques] there is in the blood vessels.
Chelation delivered orally involves ingesting nutritional food supplements which contain chelating agents (EDTA & numerous natural chelators) including; vitamins minerals amino acids antioxidants phytonutrients and herbs.
The heightened benefits of oral chelation may result from the synergistic effect of combining the numerous natural chelating agents such as activated clays certain bioflavonoids chlorella cilantro coenzyme Q10 garlic L-cysteine L-glutathione lipoic acid methionine selenium sodium alginate and zinc gluconate. Each chelating agent has a predilection for different chemicals and mineral or metal ions.
The addition of nutrients known to support liver function and detoxification also increases an oral chelation formula's effectiveness. A companion formula of antioxidants and other nutrients enhances the chelation process by replacing beneficial minerals removed during chelation promoting the healing of tissues and preventing free-radical oxidative damage. As with chelating agents different antioxidants work on free radicals formed by a variety of oxidizing agents.
Antioxidant activity may play a particularly important role in amplifying the benefits of chelation. Prevention of free-radical damage is the another main action behind chelation's positive effects.
In addition to heart patients I particularly recommend oral chelation for anyone with a family history of heart disease longstanding poor dietary practices or a history of exposure to mercury or other heavy metals or toxic chemicals. More generally oral chelation is useful to anyone who wants to prevent cardiovascular disease and clear their body of the metals and toxins that we all accumulate and which can cause a variety of health problems.
As such, oral chelation can serve as a convenient non-invasive long-term health maintenance and preventative program. The gradual dosage delivery significantly reduces the risk of side effects; oral chelation is safe for children and adults.
THE HEAVY METAL HAZARD
Some metals are naturally found in the body and are essential to human health. Iron for example prevents anemia and zinc is a cofactor in over 100 enzyme reactions. They normally occur at low concentrations and are known as trace metals. In high doses they may be toxic to the body or produce deficiencies in other trace metals; for example high levels of zinc can result in a deficiency of copper another metal required by the body.
Heavy or toxic metals are trace metals with a density at least five times that of water. As such they are stable elements (meaning they cannot be metabolized by the body) and bio-accumulative (passed up the food chain to humans). These include: mercury nickel lead arsenic cadmium aluminum platinum and copper (the metallic form versus the ionic form required by the body). Heavy metals have no function in the body and can be highly toxic.
Once liberated into the environment through the air drinking water food or countless human-made chemicals and products heavy metals are taken into the body via inhalation ingestion and skin absorption. If heavy metals enter and accumulate in body tissues faster than the body's detoxification pathways can dispose of them a gradual buildup of these toxins will occur. High-concentration exposure is not necessary to produce a state of toxicity in the body as heavy metals accumulate in body tissues and over time can reach toxic concentration levels.
Heavy metal exposure is not an entirely modern phenomenon: historians have cited the contamination of wine and grape drinks by lead-lined jugs and cooking pots as a contributing factor in the "decline and fall" of the Roman Empire; and the Mad Hatter character in Alice in Wonderland was likely modeled after nineteenth-century hat makers who used mercury to stiffen hat material and frequently became psychotic from mercury toxicity.
Human exposure to heavy metals has risen dramatically in the last 50 years however as a result of an exponential increase in the use of heavy metals in industrial processes and products. Today chronic exposure comes from mercury-amalgam dental fillings lead in paint and tap water chemical residues in processed foods and "personal care" products (cosmetics. shampoo and other hair products. mouthwash. toothpaste. soap). In today's industrial society there is no escaping exposure to toxic chemicals and metals.
In addition to the hazards at home and outdoors many occupations involve daily heavy metal exposure. Over 50 professions entail exposure to mercury alone. These include physicians. pharmaceutical workers any dental occupation laboratory workers. hairdressers. painters printers. welders. metalworkers. cosmetic workers. battery makers. engravers. photographers. visual artists and potters.
The Effects of Heavy Metal Toxicity
Studies confirm that heavy metals can directly influence behavior by impairing mental and neurological function, influencing neurotransmitter production and utilization and altering numerous metabolic body processes. Systems in which toxic metal elements can induce impairment and dysfunction include the blood and cardiovascular detoxification pathways (colon liver kidneys skin), endocrine (hormonal) energy production pathways, enzymatic gastrointestinal, immune nervous (central and peripheral), reproductive and urinary.
Breathing heavy metal particles even at levels well below those considered nontoxic can have serious health effects. Virtually all aspects of animal and human immune system function are compromised by the inhalation of heavy metal particulates. In addition toxic metals can increase allergic reactions cause genetic mutation compete with "good" trace metals for biochemical bond sites and act as antibiotics killing both harmful and beneficial bacteria.
Much of the damage produced by toxic metals stems from the proliferation of oxidative free radicals they cause. A free radical is an energetically unbalanced molecule composed of an unpaired electron that "steals" an electron from another molecule to restore its balance. Free radicals result naturally when cell molecules react with oxygen (oxidation) but with a heavy toxic load or existing antioxidant deficiencies uncontrolled free-radical production occurs. Unchecked free radicals can cause tissue damage throughout the body; free-radical damage underlies all degenerative diseases. Antioxidants such as vitamins A C and E curtail free-radical activity.
Heavy metals can also increase the acidity of the blood. The body draws calcium from the bones to help restore the proper blood pH. Further toxic metals set up conditions that lead to inflammation in arteries and tissues causing more calcium to be drawn to the area as a buffer. The calcium coats the inflamed areas in the blood vessels like a bandage patching up one problem but creating another namely the hardening of the artery walls and progressive blockage of the arteries. Without replenishment of calcium the constant removal of this important mineral from the bones will result in osteoporosis (loss of bone density leading to brittle bones).
Current studies indicate that even minute levels of toxic elements have negative health consequences however these vary from person to person. Nutritional status metabolic rate the integrity of detoxification pathways (ability to detoxify toxic substances) and the mode and degree of heavy metal exposure all affect how an individual responds. Children and the elderly whose immune systems are either underdeveloped or age-compromised are more vulnerable to toxicity.
Common Heavy Metals: Sources and Specific Effects
Aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury and nickel are the most prevalent heavy metals. The specific sources of exposure body tissues in which the metal tends to be deposited and health effects of each metal are identified below.
Sources of exposure: Aluminum cookware, aluminum foil, antacids, antiperspirants, baking powder, (aluminum containing) buffered aspirin, canned acidic foods, food additives, lipstick, medications and drugs (anti-diarrheal agents hemorrhoid medications vaginal douches), processed cheese, "softened" water and tap water.
Target tissues: Bones, brain, kidneys and stomach.
Signs and Symptoms: Colic, dementia, esophagitis gastroenteritis, kidney damage, liver dysfunction, loss of appetite, loss of balance, muscle pain, psychosis, shortness of breath and weakness.
Among the patients I see in my practice the highest aluminum exposure is most frequently due to the chronic consumption of aluminum-containing antacid products. Research shows that aluminum builds up in the body over time; thus the health hazard to older people is greater.
D.R. McLaughlin M.D. F.R.C.P. (C) professor of physiology and medicine and director of the Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases at the University of Toronto states "Concentrations of aluminum that are toxic to many biochemical processes are found in at least ten human neurological conditions." Recent studies suggest that aluminum contributes to neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease Parkinson's disease senile and presenile dementia clumsiness of movements staggering when walking and inability to pronounce words properly. Behavioral difficulties among schoolchildren have also been correlated with elevated levels of aluminum and other neurotoxic heavy metals.
Sources of exposure: Air pollution, antibiotics given to commercial livestock, certain marine plants, chemical processing, coal-fired power plants, defoliants, drinking water, drying agents for cotton, fish, herbicides, insecticides, meats (from commercially raised poultry and cattle), metal ore smelting, pesticides, seafood (fish mussels oysters), specialty glass and wood preservatives.
Target tissues: Most organs of the body especially the gastrointestinal system, lungs and skin.
Signs and Symptoms: Abdominal pain, burning of the mouth and throat, cancer (especially lung and skin), coma, diarrhea, nausea, neuritis, peripheral vascular problems, skin lesions and vascular collapse.
The greatest dangers from chronic arsenic exposure are lung and skin cancers and gradual poisoning most frequently from living near metal smelting plants or arsenic factories.
Sources of exposure: Air pollution, art supplies, bone meal, cigarette smoke, food (coffee fruits grains and vegetables grown in cadmium-laden soil, meats [kidneys liver poultry] or refined foods), freshwater fish, fungicides, highway dusts, incinerators, mining, nickel-cadmium batteries, oxide dusts, paints, phosphate fertilizers, power plants, seafood (crab flounder mussels oysters scallops), sewage, sludge, "softened" water, smelting, plants, tobacco and tobacco smoke and welding fumes.
Target tissues: Appetite and pain centers (in brain), brain, heart and blood vessels, kidneys and lungs.
Signs and Symptoms: Anemia, dry and scaly skin, emphysema, fatigue, hair loss, heart disease, depressed immune system response, hypertension, joint pain, kidney stones or damage liver dysfunction, or damage loss of appetite, loss of sense of smell, lung cancer, pain in the back and legs and yellow teeth.
Current studies are attempting to determine if cadmium-induced bone and kidney damage can be prevented (or made less likely) by adequate calcium protein (amino acids) vitamin D and zinc in the diet.
Sources of exposure: Air pollution, ammunition (shot and bullets), bathtubs (cast iron porcelain steel), batteries, canned foods, ceramics, chemical fertilizers, cosmetics, dolomite, dust, foods grown around industrial areas, gasoline, hair dyes and rinses, leaded glass, newsprint and colored advertisements, paints, pesticides, pewter, pottery, rubber toys, soft coal, soil, solder, tap water, tobacco smoke and vinyl 'mini-blinds'.
Target tissues: Bones, brain, heart, kidneys, liver, nervous system and pancreas.
Signs and Symptoms: Abdominal pain, anemia, anorexia, anxiety, bone pain, brain damage, confusion, constipation, convulsions, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, headaches, hypertension, inability to concentrate, indigestion, irritability, loss of appetite, loss of muscle coordination, memory difficulties, miscarriage, muscle pain, pallor tremors, vomiting and weakness.
The toxicity of lead is widely acknowledged. The greatest risk for harm even with only minute or short-term exposure is to infants young children and pregnant women. A federal study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) in 1984 estimated that three to four million American children have an unacceptably high level of lead in their blood. Dr. Suzanne Binder a CDCP official stated "Many people believed that when lead paint was banned from housing [in 1978] and lead was cut from gasoline [in the late 1970s] lead-poisoning problems disappeared but they're wrong. We know that throughout the country children of all races and ethnicities and income levels are being affected by lead [already in the environment]."
In 1989 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that more than one million elementary schools high schools and colleges are still using lead-lined water storage tanks or lead-containing components in their drinking fountains. The EPA estimates that drinking water accounts for approximately 20% of young children's lead exposure. Other common sources are lead paint residue in older buildings (as in inner cities) and living in proximity to industrial areas or other sources of toxic chemical exposure such as commercial agricultural land. All children born in the U.S. today have measurable traces of pesticides a source of heavy metals and chlorine-based chemicals in their tissues.
Lead is a known neurotoxin (kills brain cells) and excessive blood lead levels in children have been linked to learning disabilities attention deficit disorder (ADD) hyperactivity syndromes and reduced intelligence and school achievement scores.
Sources of exposure: Air pollution, batteries, cosmetics, dental amalgams, diuretics, (mercurial) electrical devices and relays, explosives foods (grains), fungicides, fluorescent lights, freshwater fish (especially large bass pike and trout), insecticides, mining, paints, pesticides, petroleum products, saltwater fish (especially large halibut shrimp snapper and swordfish), shellfish and tap water.
Target tissues: Appetite and pain centers in the brain cell membranes, kidneys and nervous system (central and peripheral).
Signs and Symptoms: Abnormal nervous and physical development (fetal and childhood), anemia, anorexia, anxiety, blood changes, blindness, blue line on gums, colitis, depression, dermatitis, difficulty chewing and swallowing, dizziness, drowsiness, emotional instability, fatigue, fever, hallucinations, headache, hearing loss, hypertension, inflamed gums, insomnia, kidney damage or failure, loss of appetite and sense of smell, loss of muscle coordination, memory loss metallic taste in mouth, nerve damage, numbness, psychosis, salivation stomatitis, tremors, vision impairment, vomiting, weakness and weight loss.
The primary source of exposure to mercury is "silver" dental fillings (approximately 50% mercury when placed); over 225 million Americans have these fillings in their teeth.18 Mercury fillings release microscopic particles and vapors of mercury every time a person chews. Vapors are inhaled while particles are absorbed by tooth roots mucous membranes of the mouth and gums and the stomach lining.
In people with mercury amalgam fillings measurements of the mercury level in the mouth ranges between 20 and 400 mcg/m3. Keep in mind that this is continuous exposure. The National Institute of Occupation Safety and Health places the safe limit of environmental exposure to mercury at 20 mcg/m3 but that is assuming a weekly exposure of 40 hours (the work week) and the mercury involved is outside the body. The Environmental Protection Agency's allowable limit for continuous mercury exposure is 1 mcg/m3 but again that is based on mercury sources outside the body. Neither figure addresses 24-hour-a-day exposure from mercury in one's mouth.
Hal Huggins D.D.S. a specialist in the effect of mercury amalgams on health reports that 90% of the 7000 patients he tested showed immune system reactivity from exposure to low levels of mercury. In 1984 the American Dental Association (ADA) without providing scientific evidence claimed that only 5% of the U.S. population is reactive to mercury exposure and that this figure is insignificant. Meanwhile the ADA mandates that dentists alert all dental personnel to the potential hazards of inhaling mercury vapors. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) goes further instructing dentists to treat mercury amalgam as a toxic material while handling before insertion and as toxic waste after removal.
Following are five categories of pathological reaction to mercury fillings as identified by dentists doctors and toxicologists. The categories are:
-Neurological: emotional manifestations (depression suicidal impulses irritability inability to cope) and motor symptoms (muscle spasms facial tics seizures multiple sclerosis)
-Cardiovascular problems: nonspecific chest pain, accelerated heart beat
- Collagen diseases: arthritis, bursitis, scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosis
-Immune system diseases: compromised immunity
-Allergies: Airborne allergies, food allergies and "universal" reactors.
One of the keys to mercury's effects on health may be its ability to block the functioning of manganese a key mineral required for physiological reactions in all five categories.
Sources of exposure: Appliances, buttons, ceramics, cocoa, cold-wave hair permanent, cooking utensils, cosmetics, coins, dental materials, food (chocolate, hydrogenated oils, nuts food grown near industrial areas), hair spray, industrial waste, jewelry, medical implants, metal refineries, metal tools, nickel-cadmium batteries, orthodontic appliances, shampoo, solid-waste incinerators, stainless steel kitchen utensils, tap water, tobacco and tobacco smoke, water faucets and pipes and zippers.
Target tissues: Areas of skin exposure, larynx (voice box, lungs and nasal passages.
Signs and Symptoms: Apathy, blue-colored lips, cancer (especially lung nasal and larynx), contact dermatitis, diarrhea, fever, headaches, dizziness, gingivitis, insomnia, nausea, rapid heart rate, skin rashes (redness itching blisters), shortness of breath, stomatitis and vomiting.
The greatest danger from chronic nickel exposure is lung nasal or larynx cancers and gradual poisoning from accidental or chronic low-level exposure the risk of which is greatest for those living near metal smelting plants solid waste incinerators or old nickel refineries.
How Can We Protect Ourselves from Heavy Metals?
Logic dictates that once the potential harm from heavy metals is understood their production and use should be phased out and toxic storage heavily regulated. As is obvious from the list of exposure sources above logic is not the guiding principle here except in the case of lead the use of which has been curtailed.
Even if all heavy metal production were to stop today however enough heavy metals have been released into our environment to cause chronic poisoning and numerous neurological diseases for generations to come. There are presently 600000 toxic waste contamination sites in the United States alone according to the U.S. Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. Of these less than 900 have been proposed by the EPA for Superfund cleanup and approximately 19000 others are under review. While some of these toxic messes were likely caused by accidents or ignorance the majority came from illegal dumping by hazardous product or waste distributors manufacturers transportation companies or waste management companies. Such practices have not ceased as focus on profit continues to override concerns about health the environment and a more promising future for all of our children.
With the government doing little or moving very slowly to protect the public from the hazards of heavy metals it is up to individuals to take measures to protect themselves. According to conventional medicine there is nothing a person can do to address aluminum arsenic cadmium lead mercury or nickel exposure aside from avoiding known sources. Given the prevalence of these toxins in our lives this is impossible.
Fortunately there is a way to get these harmful substances out of the body. Intravenous and oral chelation detoxification protocols and specific nutritional therapies can remove heavy metals and chemical toxins and reduce the toxic load our bodies endure on a daily basis.
EDTA isn't totally safe as a drug. There's a real danger of kidney failure. (renal tubular necrosis). EDTA can also cause bone marrow depression, shock, low blood pressure (hypotension), convulsions, disturbances of regular heart rhythm (cardiac arrhythmias), allergic-type reactions and respiratory arrest.
Arteriograms before and after treatment are demanded by critics to prove benefit from chelation therapy. It is not possible, however, to accurately measure decreases in atherosclerotic plaque unless the diameter of the artery is increased by approximately 25%. In the presence of turbulent blood flow past plaques, it requires only a 10% increase in arterial diameter to double the flow of blood (Poiseuille's Law of hemodynamics as can be found in any textbook of medical physiology or biophysics). As proven in studies, arteriograms and ultrasound are not sensitive enough to consistently measure changes of less than 25% in the diameter of a blood vessel. Increases much less than that can greatly relieve or totally eliminate symptoms, and are not detectable on arteriograms. Studies which measure heart and organ function and total blood flow consistently prove that EDTA chelation therapy is highly benificial.
The raw data from the Curt Diehm study in Germany did show a beneficial effect from EDTA chelation therapy for treatment of atherosclerosis in subjects suffering from intermittent claudicatin (pain in the leg(s) caused by atherosclerotic blockage of blood flow) when the study analyzed by medical school professors in the United States and found to be highly positive, as documented and detailed. Patients who received EDTA increased their walking distance by an average of 400%, compared to 60% increase in the control group patients, who received an active drug, not a placebo. The manufacturer of the control drug funded the study and reserved the right to manipulate and report the data in their own way. Patients who responded best were eliminated from the final data. Final results were measured immediately, 3 months before full improvement from EDTA could be expected. Analysis of raw data from that study proves that EDTA chelation therapy was highly effective in treating arterial blockage in the legs.
Finally, a recent study entitled Chelation therapy for ischemic heart disease was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA 2002;287:481-486). The authors followed 84 patients for 27 weeks. All of the patients had coronary artery disease. One-half of the patients received intravenous chelation therapy during the study period and the other one-half received intravenous placebo (fluid with no drug). Neither the physicians nor the patients knew whether they were receiving chelation or placebo. Patients were given exercise tests to see how long they could exercise before their electrocardiogram (ECG) showed changes indicating ischemia. They also answered quality-of-life questionnaires. At the end of the 27 weeks, the patients who received chelation were no better than the patients who received placebo. The authors concluded that based on exercise time to ischemia, exercise capacity and quality-of-life measurements, there is no evidence to support a beneficial effect of chelation therapy in patients with ischemic heart disease, stable angina, and a positive treadmill test for ischemia.
In short, if a person is not in immediate danger from a vascular condition, it may be wise to consult a healthcare professional experienced with EDTA chelation therapy.
DISCLAIMER: The information in this column, is NOT intended to diagnose and/or treat any health related issues and is provided solely for informational purposes only. Consult the appropriate healthcare professional before making any changes to your healthcare regime. Even what may seem like simple changes in the diet for example, can interact with, and alter, the efficiency of medications and/or the body's response to the medications. Many herbs and supplements exert powerful medicinal effects. Neither the author, nor the website designers, assume any responsibility for the reader's use or misuse of this information.